ID09BEIRUT109 Date27/01/2009 04:16 OriginEmbassy Beirut ClassificationSECRET//NOFORN Header
Excerpt from document summary
(S/NF) UNIIIC Commissioner Daniel Bellemare explained to the Ambassador in a January 26 meeting the issues surrounding the release or transfer to The Hague of the four generals currently in Lebanese custody in connection with former PM Rafiq Hariri’s assassination.
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DE RUEHLB #0109/01 0271616
ZNY SSSSS ZZH
P 271616Z JAN 09
FM AMEMBASSY BEIRUT
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 4075
INFO RUEHEE/ARAB LEAGUE COLLECTIVE
RUCNMEM/EU MEMBER STATES COLLECTIVE
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 3390
RUEHNO/USMISSION USNATO 3597
RHMFISS/CDR USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL
S E C R E T SECTION 01 OF 03 BEIRUT 000109
DEPT FOR NEA/FO, NEA/ELA
ALSO FOR IO PDAS WARLICK
P FOR DRUSSELL AND RRANGASWAMY
USUN FOR WOLFF/GERMAIN/SCHEDLBAUER
NSC FOR MCDERMOTT
E.O. 12958: DECL: 01/26/2019
TAGS: PREL, PGOV, PTER, PINR, UNSC, LE, SY
SUBJECT: LEBANON: UNIIIC COMMISSIONER ON THE FOUR GENERALS,
REQUEST FOR ADDITIONAL SYRIA-LINKED INFORMATION
REF: USUN NEW YORK 000044
Classified By: Ambassador Michele J. Sison for reasons 1.4
(b) and (d).
1. (S/NF) UNIIIC Commissioner Daniel Bellemare explained to the Ambassador in a January 26 meeting the issues surrounding the release or transfer to The Hague of the four generals currently in Lebanese custody in connection with former PM Rafiq Hariri’s assassination. According to Bellemare, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) has 60 days starting March 1 to request a transfer of the generals from Lebanese custody to the STL. Once they are transferred, Bellemare suspects he will face pressure by the STL to bring a case against the generals or release them. Replying “no comment” on whether he has enough evidence to bring a case, he nonetheless went on to say that if the judges were released in the Netherlands, he (and the Dutch) fear they could seek asylum from the Dutch government.
If Bellemare does not request thetransfer, the Lebanese could continue to detain the generals, in the face of mounting public pressure, or release them. Bellemare stressed the need for information from the U.S. to assist him in his final investigations in Syria under Chapter VII authority. Bellemare also raised internal UN management issues that continued to soak up his time. End summary.
WHEN TO RELEASE FOUR DETAINED GENERALS
2. (S/NF) The Ambassador, accompanied by LegAtt and PolOff, met with UNIIIC Commissioner Daniel Bellemare in Monteverde on January 26. Bellemare explained that the Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) has 60 days starting March 1 to request the GOL to transfer the four generals, currently held in Lebanese custody in connection with the assassination of former PM Rafiq Hariri, to the STL in The Hague. Bellemare, carefully asserting that he had “no comment” on whether or not he has a case against the generals, added that there is no time frame from the date of request by which they must actually be transferred.
3. (S/NF) Bellemare said he suspected that Lebanese Public Prosecutor Saiid Mirza wants the generals transferred to the STL. Bellemare explained that, while it has been pointed out to him that no one can dictate to the STL how long the STL can detain the generals, implying that Bellemare could detain them indefinitely in The Hague, he disagreed with this approach in part because he feared that he might face legal pressure (by the STL itself) to release them immediately if he did not have a case. Bellemare added that the generals could not be released on bail (per the Lebanese code of criminal procedure, Section 108), but could be released without condition. In such a scenario, the GOL could put them under surveillance, he noted.
4. (S/NF) Bellemare noted that one concern held by the Dutch government is that the generals would seek asylum if released by the STL. Another worry is that one of the four, former Surete Generale DG General Jamil Sayyad, would run in the parliamentary elections, an idea evidently supported by opposition leader Suleiman Franjieh and Hizballah.
5. (S/NF) Bellemare further expressed concern that transferring the generals could be a dangerous operation, noting that Hizballah does not want the generals to leave Lebanon. A transfer would need to be coordinated with ebanese authorities, making the operation even more vulnerable because of possible Hizballah penetration of those authorities, in his view. If the GOL decides to release the four, it should put as much distance between the generals’ release and the parliamentary elections on June 7, Bellemare recommended. (Note: We agree. End note.)
“IF THERE IS ASSISTANCE TO PROVIDE,
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PROVIDE IT NOW”
6. (S/NF) Noting that he would return to Syria in February for the last time under Chapter VII authority, Bellemare stressed the urgency of receiving information from the U.S. to use during interrogations. “If there is assistance to provide,” he pleaded, “Please provide it now.” Specifically, he requested information on “human vulnerabilities, suggestions on questions to ask, people who do not fit into our charts, partial answers we can use to test the subjects.”Bellemare explained that the level of interrogation his consultants would employ during this trip to Syria would be “very different from previous visits, but I need the ammunition to conduct these interrogations.”
7. (S/NF) Bellemare complained that the Syrians treat UNIIIC as “school kids in short pants.” He explained, “They provide us with 40,000 pages in Arabic. After we translate them and find nothing of interest, they feign surprise and hand us another 40,000 pages in Arabic.” He assessed that the Syrians are nervous because they do not know what information UNIIIC has collected to date.
CONCERNED ABOUT SAFETY OF STL JUDGES
8. (S/NF) Bellemare said that the four of the eleven STL judges who are Lebanese have chosen to move back and forth between The Hague and Lebanon. Acknowledging the security concern, Bellemare said he suspected the judges conditioned their acceptance to the position on retaining freedom of movement. (Comment: One of our Embassy LES members suggested that he knew the identity of one of the judges because the Internal Security Forces had recently beefed up security outside of the judge’s residence. End comment.)
ISSUE OF APPOINTING A DEPUTY PROSECUTOR
9. (C) According to Bellemare, appointing a Lebanese Deputy Prosecutor has become problematic. He reported that during January 2008, he interviewed candidates and the UN Office of Legal Affairs (OLA) will submit his confidential recommendation to the cabinet, which will appoint the individual. He expected that the cabinet would discuss the appointment in time for the March 1 deadline (reftel).
However, he relayed that he heard majority leader Saad Hariri was displeased with his recommendation, believing the candidate is “too independent”, and may request his Future Movement ministers to block the appointment.
10. (C) Bellemare noted that Public Prosecutor Saiid Mirza, close to Saad, supported Bellemare’s recommendation. Acknowledging that he could start work without a deputy, making an appointment without delay is nonetheless important for symbolic purposes because the deputy position is a Lebanese national.
11. (C) The power of the veto also worried Bellemare as he considered the potential composition of the next cabinet. Bellemare wondered whether a cabinet dominated by what is currently the opposition would attempt to stop GOL funding to the STL, despite its obligations under an international agreement.
STILL PLAGUED BY MANAGEMENT ISSUES
12. (C) Bellemare expressed his frustration that the STL Management Committee ruled that the STL would not participate in the Interagency Mobility Accord (reftel), which is designed to facilitate mobility between organizations participating in the UN common system. Declaring that he would seek a revision to this decision, Bellemare argued it was more expensive to recruit new people than to transfer them from within the UN system. He also stressed that he needed the “best individuals possible” and did not want to
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discourage qualified applicants because of a tedious transfer process that could cost them some of their benefits.
A SMALL UNIIIC PRESENCE TO REMAIN
13. (S/NF) Mentioning that he would travel to The Hague in February to find an apartment and attend the next interagency working group, Bellemare said that a small field office of UNIIIC would remain in Beirut. He said the remaining 10 or 20 individuals would likely change the location of their offices, but that was not yet decided.